History of Yarn

History of Yarn Manufacturing

Although the spinning of cotton yarn and the weaving of cotton cloth are said to have originated in India, Egypt claims to be the first to have explored these techniques. Across the globe in Peru, similar yarn manufacturing techniques were being developed. Biblical times talk about the cotton curtains that hung in Solomon’s temple. Early Greek historians wrote of preferences for cotton fleece over wool, in its quality alone.


Cotton was increasingly grown for textile purposes from these early years throughout the succeeding centuries. Knowledge of cotton goods spread by armies, explorers, and traders allowed for increased interest. By the end of the 15th century, Britain recorded the first trade of cotton. Techniques in manufacturing were improved upon during these early centuries and advancements continue to this day. The earliest techniques began as basic ideas of twisting and rolling fibers between the thumb and forefinger to form a single thread. Early designs used this theory as a basis for the first spinning wheel.


Leonardo da Vinci developed drawings that were later turned into the invention of the Saxony wheel in 1555 by Johann Jurgen of Germany. This invention, in the midst of the great Industrial Revolution, differed from the original spinning wheel, with a foot treadle by which the spindle could be revolved and with a cranked axis on a larger wheel. The new design enabled production to increase as well as greatly improving the quality of the yarn. A tremendous technological breakthrough, this first spinning wheel was the foundation for most future developments in yarn production technology.


Most notable of the early inventions were the introduction of the self-acting mule in 1825, ring spinning in 1828, and revolving flats on the card in 1834. A machine that could automatically comb cotton was introduced in 1846 and fifty years later a more improved form emerged.


New yarn manufacturing technologies continue to impact the industry today by increasing efficiency and improving quality.